Danson and Jentsch (2012) International migration and economic participation in small towns and rural areas—cross-national evidence
Danson and Jentsch (2012) include Scotland (case study of the Outer Hebrides) in their cross-national comparative study of international migration to rural areas (together with the USA, Canada and Ireland). This approach allows them to discuss key themes within a comparative context. The study focuses on migrant experiences related to underemployment, pay and working conditions along with the important influence of welcoming communities for migrant settlement experience. Although chiefly cross-national in scope, the study nonetheless shows that in Scotland’s case, communities are more receptive to migrants in areas which have previously experienced sustained out-migration. In both rural and urban areas migrant workers are viewed as integral to sustaining some businesses. In turn, this means that migrant workers enjoy high rates of employment – albeit physically demanding work characterised by long or unsociable hours and low pay. The study draws attention to a continuing feature within Scotland; poor matching of migrants’ skills and qualifications with appropriate levels of employment. See also Danson and Jentsch (2009) which examines processes of inclusion and exclusion within the rural Scottish labour market.
Danson, M. and Jentsch, B. (2012) International migration and economic participation in small towns and rural areas – cross-national evidence. Migration Letters, Vol.9(3), pp.215-224.