Migration Library search resultsCo-financed by the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals

Title Summary Links Cost Status Location Resource Type
Deakins et al. (2007) Ethnic minority businesses in Scotland and the role of social capital Building upon previous research, this Scottish Executive commissioned study by Deakins et al. (2007) discusses social capital and reveals the complexity and relevance of this phenomenon for ethnic minority businesses (EMBs). The study utilises both statistical and interview data. Although most of those who participated in the study where located within Glasgow, interviews were also conducted across Scotland including Edinburgh, Dundee/Forfar, Lowland Scotland, the Central Belt, the Highlands and Islands. The participants reflected the diversity found within EMBs and included respondents of Pakistani, Indian, Bangladeshi, Chinese and African ethnicity. The study explored the geographical and ethnic distribution of EMBs in Scotland as well as discussing the sectors - both emergent and traditional - in which they function. The study clearly demonstrates the significance of EMBs for Scotland. It also shows that the role played by social capital is both diverse and complex. See also Deakins et al. (1997) and Deakins et al. (2009). Read More Visit site £ Scotland Journal article
Deuchar (2011) People look at us the way we dress and they think we’re gangsters - bonds, bridges, gangs and refugees - A qualitative study of inter-cultural social capital in Glasgow Deuchar (2011) draws attention to the interplay between Glasgow’s youth (gang) culture and marginalisation of young refugees. The study explores the concept of inter-cultural social capital, based on assertions that those communities who exhibit higher levels of inter-cultural social capital offer optimum conditions for refugee integration. Communities in which higher levels of social bonding and disconnection are displayed are less successful when it comes to conditions for refugee integration as these factors can inhibit inter-cultural integration. It is argued that gang solidarity can even promote intolerance. Deuchar (2011) identifies gang membership, albeit territorial in nature, as providing a platform for ethnic solidarity and consequently racial prejudice. Although a small-scale study, its strength lies in laying a foundation for the exploration of this fascinating area. The authors call for policy that reflects the need to develop social capital within multi-ethnic urban communities, and consider the potential for community initiatives to build inter-cultural cohesion. Read More Visit site £ Refugee Glasgow City Journal article
Lassalle et al. (2011) Polish entrepreneurs in Scotland: Life trajectories, social capital and business strategies Lassalle et al. (2011) examine the central factors which inform decisions to emigrate, settle and the set up a business as taken by Polish entrepreneurs in Glasgow. The study also explores the entrepreneurs’ relationship with the wider Polish Community. The study finds an interesting dynamic, whereby for Polish entrepreneurs, the Polish community is primarily seen as a marketplace in which they have spotted a business opportunity. Those entrepreneurs who participated in the interviews conducted by Lassalle et al. (2011) had, for the most part, been able to find employment in the UK (by way of agencies in Poland) prior to setting up their business enterprise. Dissatisfaction with the standard of living afforded by their post-migration employment was commonly reported. Polish entrepreneurs relied on their own financial resources to start their business ventures. These entrepreneurs did not rely on wider community support in the start-up phase though such reliance is commonly found among entrepreneurs from other ethnic groups. This study by Lassalle et al. (2011) brings a new understanding to the innovative behaviour of Polish migrant entrepreneurs in Scotland. Read More Visit site Free EU Glasgow City Journal article
Moskal (2013a) Circulating capitals between Poland and Scotland: A transnational perspective on European labour mobility Through examining the complex reality of Polish migration to Scotland, Moskal (2013a) highlights migrant commitment to both Poland and Scotland. This example is presented as a challenge to the concept of the ‘brain drain’ – which the author contends should instead be considered as a circulation of economic, social and cultural capital within a newly shaped European space. Moskal (2013a) highlights the increasingly transnational nature of the European labour market and migrant mobility. The gains and losses that Polish migrants experience (both at home in Poland and in Scotland) as a result of the decision to migrate are also explored. See also Moskal (2013b) for a further study which explores migrants’ use of social, cultural and economic capital and transnational connections, Moskal (2014) which covers a range of concepts including the family, social and cultural capitals. Also see Pietka (2011) which examines the concept of community and Trevena et al. (2013) for a study of migrant mobility. See Lassalle et al. (2011) for a study of Polish entrepreneurs in Scotland. Read More Visit site £ EU Journal article
Moskal (2014) Polish migrant youth in Scottish schools: Conflicted identity and family capital Moskal (2014) presents research based on a study which draws upon observation of Polish migrant children in their home and school environments. Detailed interviews allowed the children and young people’s perspectives to be brought to the fore. The study also included input from the parents of the seventeen young participants. The overall focus of the study was on experiences of school transition for first generation migrants. This was framed within a context of transferability of educational success and social mobility. Drawing upon sociological theory, Moskal (2014) covers a range of concepts including the family, social and cultural capital. The author then discusses the potential use of policy and practice to support young migrants. See also a briefing paper by Moskal (2010) exploring the integration of Polish migrant children to Scotland through an examination of the role of schools in the integration process. Moskal et al. (2010) reflects on educational initiatives and policy and the need to consider migration processes. Read More Visit site £ EU City of Edinburgh, North Lanarkshire, Aberdeen City Journal article
Smyth and Kum (2010) 'When they don't use it they will lose it': Professionals, deprofessionalization and reprofessionalization: The case of refugee teachers in Scotland This study by Smyth and Kum (2010) examines the issues faced by teachers who are either refugees or seeking asylum in Scotland. The research delivers a valuable insight into their attempts to re-enter the teaching profession in Scotland. The study investigates barriers and discrimination faced by refugee teachers. Notably, barriers are more prevalent for teachers seeking asylum as they are prohibited from undertaking paid employment. The study also highlights the difficulties encountered, and support required, by some refugee teachers attempting to complete the General Teaching Council for Scotland registration process. The authors draw attention to the fact that many refugees, despite being well educated, are often only able to secure unskilled employment. Their access to their profession is impeded and this impacts on refugee teachers’ integration into Scottish society. Also, such impediment deprives Scotland of a diverse teaching cohort. The study’s findings have clear implications for refugees from other professional backgrounds both in Scotland and elsewhere. Also see the report on the same topic by RITeS (2008). Read More Visit site £ Asylum seeker, Refugee Scotland Journal article
Smyth et al. (2010) Social capital and refugee children: Does it help their integration and education in Scottish schools? In this study by Smyth et al. (2010) the authors set out to explore if and how teachers and refugee pupils understand social capital and any subsequent impact it may have on their families and other networks beyond the school environment. The research involved interviews with staff and pupils and observing teaching and learning within one primary and one secondary school in Glasgow and centred on exploring questions related to whether or not the selected schools intentionally develop social capital amongst their pupils from refugee families. In addition, Smyth et al. (2010) ask what forms of social capital are central within the school environment, while also investigating if cultural and economic capitals operate and interact with the development of social capital. The study finds that although teachers interviewed within the selected schools may not necessarily use themselves the term social capital, they were found to be employing a range of practices which enable refugee pupils to build social relationships and networks. Read More Visit site Free Refugee Glasgow City Journal article